Artists

Richard Polsky Art Authentication Expert Opinion offers a high level of proficiency in being able to accurately identify genuine works by Pop artists. Hiring us to render a preliminary opinion, on a painting or sculpture by any of the following artists, will allow you to decide whether to pursue a full authentication.

Artists We Evaluate:

  • Robert Indiana
  • Jasper Johns
  • Roy Lichtenstein
    (1923-1997)
    Roy Lichtenstein art authentication issues often involve small colored pencil drawings that depict his classic "Sunsets." There have also been problems with early Lichtenstein prints which have faded and then been "re-screened." Fake Lichtenstein graphics are regularly found on eBay. A Roy Lichtenstein catalog raisonne of paintings, drawings, and prints can be viewed online.

    Roy Lichtenstein Representation: Mitchell-Innes & Nash, James Goodman Gallery, Gagosian Gallery, Mnuchin Gallery, Richard Gray Gallery

    Best Public Places to See Roy Lichtenstein's Work: New Orleans Museum of Art (outdoor sculpture), The Museum of Modern Art, The Broad, Times Square Mural (New York subway station), Rose Art Museum, Yale University Art Gallery, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

    Best Books on Roy Lichtenstein: Roy Lichtenstein: A Retrospective by James Rondeau, Roy Lichtenstein by Diane Waldman

    Auction Record for Roy Lichtenstein: $95.4 million (2015) — Nurse

    Roy Lichtenstein has the "highest batting average" of all contemporary artists; with the exception of the "Perfect/Imperfect" series, he never faltered. Roy Lichtenstein's most important body of work is indisputably his "Cartoons" from the 1960s. Breaking it down further, the ultimate is a Roy Lichtenstein "Cartoon" painting with words, and imagery stenciled with small Ben-Day dots. Rumor has is that Roy Lichtenstein's famous 1962 canvas, Masterpiece, was sold by Agnes Gund in early 2017 for a reported $150 million. Roy Lichtenstein's most underrated paintings are his "Entablatures," from the 1970s, which refer to interior architecture. They are closely followed by Roy Lichtenstein's "Art Deco" pictures, from the late 1960s.

    Roy Lichtenstein's most undervalued prints are his large-scale "Reflections" from 1990 and his "Indians" series from 1980. Roy Lichtenstein's sculpture, particularly his large outdoor works, are also underappreciated. The most underrated individual piece, of Roy Lichtenstein's diverse body of work, is his fifty-three foot-long Times Square Mural in a New York's Times Square subway station — one of the most successful pieces of public art in America.
  • Claes Oldenburg
  • Mel Ramos
  • Robert Rauschenberg
    (1925-2008)
    Robert Rauschenberg art authentication issues are relatively uncommon, given his vast body of work. There is a story about a Florida artist who stole pieces that Rauschenberg had discarded and then exhibited them in a gallery as original Rauschenbergs — complete with certificates of authenticity. Tipped-in pages removed from a Rauschenberg monograph are often offered as original prints on eBay. A Robert Rauschenberg catalog raisonne is in the early stages of being organized.

    Robert Rauschenberg Representation: Pace Gallery, Gagosian Gallery, Acquavella Galleries, Edward Tyler Nahem

    Best Public Places to See Robert Rauschenberg's Work: Museum of Modern Art, Menil Collection, MOCA Los Angeles, The Whitney Museum of American Art

    Best Books on Robert Rauschenberg: Off the Wall: A Portrait of Robert Rauschenberg by Calvin Tomkins, Robert Rauschenberg: A Retrospective by Ruth Fine, Rauschenberg: Art and Life by Mary Lynn Kotz

    Robert Rauschenberg Auction Record: $18.6 million (2015) — Johanson's Painting (Combine)

    Robert Rauschenberg, along with his friend/rival Jasper Johns, is universally credited with helping Abstract Expressionism transition to representational imagery, bridging the gap between the 1950s and 1960s. Robert Rauschenberg's 1950s "Combines" saw him incorporate every conceivable found object onto the painterly surfaces of his canvases — from a stuffed angora wool goat to a bald eagle preserved by a taxidermist. But Robert Rauschenberg's best paintings are arguably his 1960s "Silkscreens," largely influenced by a visit to Andy Warhol's studio. And like Andy Warhol, Robert Rauschenberg's Silkscreens largely reflected their times, featuring iconography from the Kennedys to the Mercury space capsule. If Robert Rauschenberg's protean talent is guilty of anything, it is overproduction and a lack of editing. But that is a small price to pay for Robert Rauschenberg's substantial contributions to art history.

    As far as the marketplace is concerned, the true bargains in Robert Rauschenberg's work are his "Transfer" drawings. From 1958-1968, Robert Rauschenberg poured lighter fluid on swatches of magazine reproductions, then used a spoon to rub them onto a sheet of paper, permanently transferring the image. Expect to pay between $150,000-$500,000 for a good quality Robert Rauschenberg Transfer drawing. Robert Rauschenberg was also a prolific printmaker. Robert Rauschenberg's masterpiece was Booster, one of the most ambitious prints ever attempted (due to its large scale), and the cornerstone of any major print collection. The most undervalued Robert Rauschenberg prints are works from his ethereal "Hoarfrost" series.
  • James Rosenquist
  • Ed Ruscha
  • Tom Wesselmann
    (1931-2004)
    Tom Wesselmann art authentication issues are common and varied. Fake Wesselmann paintings on paper from his "Smoker" and "Great American Nude" series are often spotted on eBay — usually originating from Europe. A Tom Wesselmann catalog raisonne is in the process of being compiled.

    Tom Wesselmann Representation: Gagosian Gallery, Almine Rech Gallery, Davidson Gallery, Acquavella Galleries, Mnuchin Gallery

    Best Public Places to See Tom Wesselmann's Work: Rose Art Museum, Museum of Modern Art, The Whitney Museum of American Art

    Best Books on Tom Wesselmann: Tom Wesselmann by Slim Stealingsworth, Tom Wesselmann by Michael Lobel

    Auction Record for Tom Wesselmann: $10.7 million (2008) — Great American Nude No. 48

    Tom Wesselmann, long a Pop artist in good standing, has never been given the same respect as his peers, specifically James Rosenquist, Claes Oldenburg, Andy Warhol, and Roy Lichtenstein. But that's about to change. In late 2016, Gagosian and Almine Rech Gallery announced their co-representation of the Tom Wesselmann estate. Previously, Tom Wesselmann's market was held back by the subject matter in his classic "Great American Nude" series; the nude women were considered too risqué for certain collectors. Currently, major Tom Wesselmann Great American Nudes are almost impossible to find at auction, bringing $2-$3 million when one does appear. Also in demand are Tom Wesselmann's 1960s "Still Life" paintings, which incorporate actual objects, including toilet seats and low-relief plastic advertisements depicting consumer goods; a great one can easily command $1 million at auction.

    Tom Wesselmann produced numerous small gems from the 1960s through the 1970s, which despite their diminutive size, captured the Pop vibe of his major works; expect to pay $200,000-$400,000 for a Nude or Still Life. Tom Wesslemann's early collages are of historical interest, but visually unsatisfying. Tom Wesselmann's late pictures, essentially line drawings cut out from painted steel by a laser, are less significant than his Pop works but have a strong market.
 
“Everything you can imagine is real.”
— Pablo Picasso